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KAZIRANGA

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The Kaziranga National Park is an Indian national park located in the state of Assam. Currently, the park has more than a hundred years. The park celebrated its centennial anniversary in 2005.

General information about the Kaziranga National Park

The Kaziranga National Park covers an area of more than five hundred square kilometers (688 square kilometers). On the territory of the park, there are excellent tropical forests, as well as fairly full rivers and magnificent meadows. The park became famous on a world scale due to the presence on its territory of the population of the one-horned rhinoceros, which is within two-thirds of the total number of animals of this species. One-horned rhinoceros are also called Indian or armor rhinoceros. He is the largest of Asian rhinoceroses. To protect this animal, this park was created.

This animal was on the verge of extinction because of the popular belief about its miraculous healing powers. Asians believed that the powder from the crushed horn of a rhinoceros can increase male potency. If you pour a poisoned drink into a bowl of the rn, then foam is sure to form. The horn of the rhino under the bed of a woman in childbirth can reduce her anguish. In addition, a fairly thick animal skin since ancient times in East Asia was used in the manufacture of shields for soldiers.
Even now, the rhino remains a very profitable object. For rent of a horn of a rhinoceros receive 50 dollars. And the infusion of horns will cost 1 dollar for a teaspoon.
There are tigers, elephants, sponges, Bengal cats, cat-fishermen, gaurs, bara singha and many other species of wild animals. Among the thirty species of mammals living in the park, half are threatened with extinction not only in India but the world as a whole. Turtles, lizards, and snakes alone in Kaziranga are represented by more than forty species. In the territory of the national park, you can see the reserves of birds and tigers. Mounted elephants in the national park are replenished by wild elephants. The prolific progeny - Gayla - is obtained by crossing gaura with domestic cows.
The number of bird species in the national park reaches one hundred. Here you can find gray pelicans, storks with marabous, cormorants, spoonbills, white herons, lanes and griffins. In Kaziranga, thickets and rare trees alternate with marshy swamps and lakes, which are overgrown with water lilies or water hyacinths. The hometown of the hyacinth is South America, but when it got to India, it took root and spread so quickly that it could displace other species. The presence in the park is possible only with the permission of the administration. Also, any economic activity is prohibited here.
You can not walk in the park. And it is extremely difficult to do this because of the thickets of elephant grass, which can reach a height of 6 m in the dry season. In the rainy season, there is a flood of rivers, and the water takes up more than half of the park area. At this time, even such large animals as wild elephants and buffaloes are forced to hide on nearby hills.

History of the Kaziranga National Park

The year of the foundation of the National Park Kaziranga is 1905. Wife of Vice-King of India Lord George Curzon - Baroness Mary Curzon - played a very important role in the history of the foundation of the park. Earlier, in the greater part of the Brahmaputra valley, on which the Kaziranga National Park is located, there were only forests and savannahs. But at the very end of the 19th century, the construction of a railway was very important. And to be able to lay it, the deforestation began. In addition, tea plantations began to be laid. The most inaccessible place north of the hills of Mikir in 1908 was declared a hunting reserve, which in 1926 became known as a reserve for the game. But it is worth noting that in the middle of the 30s of the 20th century it was difficult to penetrate into Kaziranga, as the swamps in this area are absolutely impassable by a large number of leeches. E. Gee - the very first European, who on a riding elephant in 1938 was able to investigate Kaziranga. In 1949, Kaziranga was recognized as a wildlife reserve. The status of the national park was acquired in 1968.

The cultural significance of the National Park Kaziranga

The significance of the Kaziranga National Park in the cultural and historical life of India is quite large. Since 1985 the park has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The current state of the Kaziranga National Park

Currently, the Kaziranga National Park is an excellent place, where elements of untouched wilderness have been preserved, which attracts tourists from all over the world. Here there are very rare species of animals, one-horned rhinoceros is the main one.
Where is the National Park of Kaziranga, which can be viewed nearby
The Kaziranga National Park is located in the state of Assam (India). In the same state, you can visit the Manas Reserve. This reserve is known as the habitat of such a rare animal as a golden langur. Also here is a significant tiger population. On the territory of the reserve are wetlands, which are home to a rapidly disappearing bristly hare and a dwarf pig. You can meet in the reserve with a rhino, wild buffalo, elephant, gaura, marsh deer, Indian and smoky leopards. Occurs in the Manas Reserve and such a rare large rhinoceros bird. In the valley of falling birds or the Jetting Valley, you can see once a year just a unique phenomenon. At the very end of August for two or three days there is an unusual phenomenon, called the " night of falling birds ." Until now, for reasons unknown, birds begin to fall to the ground at night. The valleys are also quite unusual. It is a depression, the size of two to ten kilometers, which is surrounded by wooded slopes, and in the middle of the valley, there is a small village.
The oldest city in the state is Silchar. The city is spoken in three official languages: Assamese, Bodo, and Carbi. World renown brought to the state tea, bearing the same name. This variety is a black large leaf tea, and he was very fond of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. In the region, you can see tea plantations. Here oil production is also carried out. The region is rich in hydro resources due to the presence on its territory of the Brahmaputra River with tributaries. Despite great achievements in the extractive industry, in the state of Assam, the extraction of gold and ornamental stone is carried out manually, as in ancient times, without the use of any high-tech devices.
The largest city in the northeastern state is Guwahati, which can also be classified as a relatively clean and modern Indian city. Here you can visit many historical monuments related to different epochs. In the Middle Ages, the rectangular lake of Kigali Puhuri was connected to the Brahmaputra River and used as a parking lot for ships. In the city there are many temples, artificial lakes, remains of fortifications, which can always be inspected.
The main attraction is the Shakti Temple of Kamakhya, in which many pilgrims come every year. In the city, you can visit the zoological garden.
A large archaeological and ethnographic collection is represented in the State Museum of Assam. Ruins of ancient temples can be seen in the archaeological area of Madan Kamdev.

How to get to Kaziranga National Park

There are no direct flights from Goa. Therefore, you must first get to Delhi, then to Guwahati, and finally, to the small town of Jarhat.
From Goa to Delhi it is possible to fly by airplanes of airlines Air India, Indigo, Vistara etc.
From Delhi to Assam you can get by plane or train.
The State of Assam is easily accessible. Airports are located in such cities as Guwahati (international), Dibragarh and Silchar. Airlines Air India and Indian Airlines and smaller companies make daily flights from Delhi (2.5 hours flight).
There is good rail service in the state. The train station in the city of Guwahati takes a direct train from Delhi (27 hours on the way, air conditioning works).
After that, you can go by bus to Jarhat.

Conclusion

Going to the Kaziranga National Park, note that due to the rainy season, it is better to plan a trip here from October to April. In the rest of the time, movement through the park is difficult, and sometimes simply excluded.


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